First of all, we wish to say as a result of God, intended for giving me the strength and health to get this done project work until it done. Not forgotten to our family members for offering everything, such as money, to acquire anything that are related to this kind of project operate and their suggest, which is the most needed for this kind of project, Net, books, computers and all that as the source to complete this kind of project. Additionally, they supported all of us and motivated us to complete this so that we will not procrastinate to do it.
Then we would like to thank our lecturer, Prof Yusof intended for guiding all of us and through this task. We had a few difficulties by doing this task, although he trained us patiently until we knew how to proceed. He attempted to teach all of us until all of us understand what we supposed to do while using project job.
Last but not least, group members who had been doing this task together and sharing all their ideas. These people were helpful that after we merged and talked about together, we had this task completed successfully.
Many modern day drugs are available for uses today in market are from many options such as: Medicines of organic origins
Medicines from chemical substance processes
Drugs from biotechnological processes
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUG SOURCES
Natural sources of prescription drugs
Crops are biosynthetic laboratory for the multitude of chemical substances such as sennosides, alkaloids, steroid drugs. The active ingredients might be seen in any component (or every parts) from the plant coming from leaves, root, bark, seed products, fruits, blossoms, etc .
Creature organs, damaged tissues, fluids and other animal derivatives can be used to get active ingredients. One example is: Beef and pork pancreas are the method to obtain the all-natural insulin offered today Vesicular extracts coming from sheep and bulls are accustomed to yield prostaglandins
Microbial metabolites used as drugs, particularly the antibiotics and anti-neoplastic providers are made by fermentation. For example: A strain of mold Penicillium chrysogenicum produces Penicillin G Streptomycine was isolated from a strain of Streptomyces griseus
Gentamicin is usually produced by Micromonospora purpurea, a great actinomycete
A naturally occurring, homogeneous inorganic sound substance creating a definite substance composition and characteristic transparent structure, color, and hardness. For example: Precipitated sulfur is a very fine dust for exterior use, acting as parasiticide, which is used inside the treatment of skin disorders
Drugs from chemical techniques
Happens due to the chemical change byВ chemical actionВ (chemistry)or simply by any method determined by the atomic and molecular formula and composition of the chemicals involved. This kind of a chemical substance process can occur by itself or perhaps be brought on by an outside force.
Drugs coming from biotechnology procedures
The use of living organisms or perhaps other biological systems in the manufacture of medication or additional products or perhaps for environmental management, such as waste recycling where possible which includes the usage of bioreactors that manufactures, microorganisms to degrade petrol slicks or perhaps organic spend, genetically designed bacteria to create human bodily hormones, and monoclonal antibodies to distinguish antigens.
Turmeric consists of the rhizome of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, scraped to remove the dark exterior layer and dried in the sunshine. It is well-known in trade as unbleached Jamaica turmeric. The plant can be indigenous to Asia, yet is developed in the West Indies, Africa, Australia and Taiwan. Constituents: Turmeric about one to two percent of volatile petrol, of which the sesquiterpene zingiberene is the main constituent and which a number of other terpenes and terpene alcohol have been reported. The strong taste twang race of ginger is due to gingerol, a yellowish oily compound which is a combination of homologues of zingerone (4-hydroxy-methoxyphenethyl methyl ketone) condensed with saturated aliphatic, aldehydes,...
Referrals: British Pharmaceutic Codex! 973